The main wool layouts I use in my feltmaking practice.
I use five main wool layouts in my work and will share the three major layouts with you:
Please check my video on wool layouts below.
Another two wool layouts I use:
wool in one direction; and
Classical Wool layout is the most common wool layout and is used to create almost any felt. I use this layout mainly if I make a flat felt or anything else which does not require a beautiful drape like cushion covers or vessels. This is a strong layout, however it does not provide any stretch effect or nice drape.
Herringbone layout became popular for creating garments. This layout provides more flexibility and like I mentioned, a beautiful drape. This layout can be vertical or horizontal. If you would like to save length, then use this horizonal, if you need to keep the width, then use horizontal herringbone layout. It is possible to stretch your garment in the direction of the herringbone layout while the garment still wet. This layout allows to achieve a fine felt. It is also called the 'one and half' layout. Watching my video, you will understand why it is one and half.
Another one of my favourite layout is the clouds layout. I use this layout mainly to create scarves and garments too. The advantage of such layout, is that you can use your wool leftovers and mix different colours. This layout would require either lamination with fibre or a fabric. Otherwise you might have holes.
Using batts layout. The common use of batts in feltmaking is making flat felt like wall hangings, pictures, bags and shoes. Lately feltmakers started to use batts creating garments. The advantage: it is fast. The disadvantage: make sure layout is consistent. Please check my online class, Felted collar with 3D textured embellishment for a detailed information how to use batts.
One direction layout is used when you need to achieve a ruffle. I explain this layout in detail in the online class, Felted ruffle scarf - playing with colours. Another application of this type of layout is in cobweb felt. Please check my Let's cobweb scarves online class for more information.
Another a wool layout which is not a typical wool layout, I would say art style layout. There are no particular rules. You can create art felt, such as lace felt or paint with wool.
Please check 'Nuno felt for beginners', 'A Versatile Felted Lace Waistcoat (Vest)', 'A simple way to create a felted lace', 'Fine felt embellishment technique with yarns and fibre', 'Felted lace technique' and 'Nuno felted scarf with felted lace'.
Please check my video where I show three types of layouts as I mentioned before: classical, herringbone and clouds wool layout.
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All the best